Batik Print: 2000 old years old ancient Art of the World (Batik Art)
by Dushyant Dangi on September 10, 2019
Batik Print: 2000 old years old ancient Art of the World
Batik printing is an ancient art which uses wax and dyes to make beautiful patterns and designs. Batik printing involves complex process. It basically uses hot wax to cover some part in a pattern or design. Rest of the cloth is dyed and then this wax is washed. This gives cloth and unique and beautiful designs.
History of Batik Print (Batik Art)
Batik Printing is an ancient art whose origin can be found in Indonesia. Later in the history it was popular in many other civilizations such as Egypt, Africa, China and India. It was part of Royal dresses. African Batik print process uses rice paste instead of wax. Batik print is use to designs bed sheets, salwar suits, saris, skirts and shirts.
Batik printing is also done on paper and is popular as painting.
Process of Batik Printing (Batik Art)
Batik printing is done mainly on cotton and silk cloth and it need good quality cloth for the print
Fabric is washed and cleaned so there are no starches and other dirt on the cloth.
Printing block is dipped in molten wax.
The designs are hand printed on the clean fabric using the printing block.
Wax coated fabric is dewaxed and dyed
Dyed cloth is dried and then it is ready to be used.
There are mainly 4 techniques used in making of a Batik printed fabric:
The splash method – This process involved of wax being splashed all over the fabric in random fashion and the colour dyed is poured. It result in vibrant colours and design.
The screen printing process – In this method stencil is used to get orderly and defined pattern on the cloth. This method involves the use of a stencil to etch the designs in an orderly and defined manner.
The hand painting method – This method uses the art of Kalamkari to draw the designs and separate the wax.
A fourth method used is the scratch and starch resists method.